In Search for a Theory of Organisational Change
  • Jon-Arild Johannessen


By systemic (Bunge, 1983; 1983a; 1985; 1985a) is meant that the parts and the entire structure must be viewed in context. In systemic thinking, the main question is: What is the pattern which combine a given phenomenon or problem? The noticeable thing about patterns is that it is difficult to pinpoint cause and effect. A pattern can metaphorically be regarded as a circle, and a circle has no beginning or end.


Social System Normative Basis System Practice Practical Philosophy Autopoietical System 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon-Arild Johannessen
    • 1
  1. 1.Bodø Graduate School of BusinessAgder Research Institute and Lillehammer CollegeNorway

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