Emergent Practice in Agricultural Research

Using Metaphors and Dialogue to Create a Space for Understandings
  • David McClintock
  • Stephany Kersten
  • Ray Ison


Creating a space for understandings to emerge can be contrasted with research approaches that try to change understandings. This contrast is illustrated by a distinction between researching with people and researching for people (or on people). Researching with people can address issues of social as well as ecological sustainability, as this approach involves relationships between people and their environment at its core.


Research Practice Research Context Ecological Sustainability Emergent Practice Logical Sustainability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Chambers, R., and Ghildyal, B.P., 1985, Agricultural research for resource poor farmers: the farmer-first-and-last model, Agricultural Administration 20: 1–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Checkland, P., 1991, From framework through experience to learning: the essential nature of action research, in: Information Systems Research: Contemporary Approaches and Emergent Traditions, (Nissen, H., Klein, H., and Hirscheim, R., eds), Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  3. Issacs, W., 1993, Taking flight: dialogue, collective thinking and organisational learning, Organisational Dynamics 22: 24–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ison, R. L., 1993, Changing community attitudes, Rangelands Journal 15(1): 154–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kersten, S., 1995, In search of dialogue: vegetation management in western NSW, Australia, unpublished PhD Thesis, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia.Google Scholar
  6. McClintock, D., and Ison, R., 1994, Revealing and concealing metaphors for a systemic agriculture, in: Proc. International Symposium on Systems-Oriented Research in Agriculture and Rural Development, Montpellier, France, November: 212-216.Google Scholar
  7. Russell, D., and Ison, R., 1993, The research-development relationship in rangelands: an opportunity for contextual science, in: Proc. IVth International Rangeland Congress, Montpellier, France, April 1991: 1047-54.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • David McClintock
    • 1
  • Stephany Kersten
    • 2
  • Ray Ison
    • 1
  1. 1.Systems DepartmentThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK
  2. 2.MarouaCameroon

Personalised recommendations