The Assessment and Management of Wildlife Areas

What Can Systems Offer?
  • Andrew Lane
  • Sue Oreszczyn


There are various systems approaches to tackling decision making, but all systems thinking and analysis is predicated on the concept of holism rather than reductionism. This concept is not unknown in biology. Indeed, it was the study of biological systems that led to the recognition of the significance of this way of viewing complex issues:

‘Biology is an ‘unrestricted’ science...and its phenomena are of a complexity which has severely tested scientific method. Biologists, in fact, have been among the pioneers in establishing ways of thinking in terms of wholes, and it was a biologist, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, who suggested generalising this thinking to refer to any kind of whole, not simply to biological systems.’ (Checkland, 1981).


System Thinking Wildlife Area Assessment Profile Wide Landscape Wildlife Corridor 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Lane
    • 1
  • Sue Oreszczyn
    • 1
  1. 1.Systems DepartmentOpen UniversityMilton KeynesUK

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