A Systems Perspective of the Extended Enterprise
Recent reports have identified a number of imperatives that will have a profound effect on the system of manufacturing during the next century (Iaccoca Institute, 1991; Browne, Sackett and Wortmann, 1992). These include the globalisation of markets, the preclusion of any one organisation possessing singularly all the required know-how, mass customisation, reduced product life cycles, and the requirement for environmentally benign products and processes. In addition, the emphasis on sustainability and the need to focus on actions to preserve the reserves of natural resources and to decrease the level of pollution to the greatest possible extent, presupposes development activities between industry, governments and research institutions (Browne et al. 1992; Krause and Kind, 1996) This will not be a linear process with clearly-delimited sequences and automatic follow-on, but rather a system of interactions, between different players whose experience, knowledge and know-how are mutually reinforcing and cumulative. As a result, more and more importance is attached in practice to mechanisms which aid the interaction (co-operation) between entities within a network.
KeywordsProduct Life Cycle Mass Customisation Extend Enterprise Mixed Plastic Milk Container
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