Integrating Knowledge for Innovation

  • Jon-Arild Johannessen
  • Jens Otto Dolva
  • Bjørn Olsen


The focus on knowledge as a productive resource for innovation, economic growth, in addition to the productivity of the knowledge workers, has received increasing attention during the 90s. The persons who have discussed this theme extensively have been, among others, Toffler (1990), Reich (1991), Quinn (1992), Drucker (1993), Archibagi & Michie (1995) in addition to Nonaka & Takeuchi (1995) and Barton (1995). Clear research findings from, among others, Von Hippel (1988:5) indicate that companies performing innovative activities display greater earning power than companies which do not innovate. Furthermore research (European Commission, 1995, table 29: 26) indicates a correlation leading up to a conclusion that smaller companies are more dependent on external sources to develop innovation, than larger companies.


Innovation System Innovation Process Innovation Activity Innovative Activity Regional Innovation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andersen, E.S. (1992). Approaching national Systems of innovation from the production and linkage structure. In B. Lundvall (Ed.). Towards a new Approach, Pinter, London.Google Scholar
  2. Archibugi, D. & J. Michie (1995). Technology and Innovation: An Introduction, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 19: 1–4.Google Scholar
  3. Barton, D.L. (1995). Wellsprings of Knowledge: Building and Sustaining the Sources of Innovation, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MASS.Google Scholar
  4. Bellini, N. (1990). The industrial policy of Emilian Romagna: The business service centres. In R. Leonard & R. Nanetti (eds.). The Regions and European Integration: The case of Emilia-Romagna, p. 171–186, Pinter, London.Google Scholar
  5. Bianchi, D. & Giordani, M.G. (1993). Innovation Policy at the local and National Levels: The case of Emilia-Romagna, European Planning Studies, 1, 1: 25–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carlsson, B. (1992). Technological Systems and Economic Development Potential: Four Swedish case studies: Paper presented at the conference of the international Joseph A. Schumpeter Society, Kyoto, August.Google Scholar
  7. Cohen, W.M. & Lewinthal, D.A. (1989). Innovation and Learning the two faces of R&D, Economic Journal, 99: 569–596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Craig, T. (1995). Achieving Innovation Through Bureaucracy: Lessons from the Japanese Brewing Industry, California Management Review, vol. 38, no. 1: 8–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. David, P. & Foray, D. (1994). Accessing and Expanding the Science and Technology Base, OECD, DSTI/TIP, nr. 4.Google Scholar
  10. De Bresson, C. & Amesse, F, (1991). Networks of Innovation: A review and introduction to the issue, Research Policy, Vol. 20: 363–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Drucker, P.F. (1993). “Post-capitalist Society,” Butterworth Heineman, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Eliasson, G. (1996). Spillovers integrated production and the theory of the firm, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 6 (2): 125–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. European Commission, (1995). Green paper on innovation, Brussel.Google Scholar
  14. Freeman, C. (1987). Technology, Policy and Economic Performance: lessons from Japan, Pinter, London.Google Scholar
  15. Hagedorn, J. & Schakenrad, J. (1990). Inter-firm partnership and co-operative strategies in core technologies. In C. Freeman & L. Soete (eds.). New Explorations in the Economics of Technological Change, Pinter, London.Google Scholar
  16. Håkansson, H. (1989). Cooperative Technological Behaviour. Co-operation and networks, Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  17. Johannessen, J-A. (1996). Systemics Applied to the Study of Organizational Fields: Developing a Systemic Research Strategy for Organizational Fields. Kybernetes, vol. 25, 1: 33–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Johannessen, J-A. (1997). Aspects of causal processes: A Systemic view, Kybernetes, Vol. 26 (1) (Forthcomming).Google Scholar
  19. Lundvall, B. Å. (1988). Innovation as an interactive process: from user-producer interaction Economic Theory, Pinter, London.Google Scholar
  20. Malerba, F. (1991). Italy: The National System of Innovation, Mimeo, CESPRI, Bocconi, University Milano.Google Scholar
  21. Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The Knowledge Creating Company, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  22. OECD, (1992). Technology and the Economy: The Key Relationships, Paris, OECD.Google Scholar
  23. OECD, (1993). Small and Mediumsized Enterprises, Technology and Competitiveness, Paris, OECD.Google Scholar
  24. Quinn, J.B. (1992). “Intelligent Enterprise”, The Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  25. Reich, R.B. (1991). The Work of Nations, Alfred A. Knop, New York.Google Scholar
  26. Schrader, S. (1991). Information transfer between firms: Cooperation through information trading, Research Policy, vol. 20: 153–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tofiler, A. (1990). Powershift: Knowledge, Wealth and Violence at the Edge of the 21 st. Century, Bantam Books, New York.Google Scholar
  28. Von Hippel, E. (1986). Lead-users: A source of new Product Concepts, Management Science, Vol. 32, no. 7: 791–805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Von Hippel, E. (1988). The Sources of Innovation, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  30. World Bank, (1991). World Development Report, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon-Arild Johannessen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jens Otto Dolva
    • 1
  • Bjørn Olsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Bodø Graduate School of BusinessAgder Research FoundationNorway
  2. 2.Lillehammer CollegeNorway

Personalised recommendations