Learning to Persist

A Systemic View of Development
  • Richard Bawden


Sustainability is a concept which is entirely appropriate to the age which has spawned it. Being as ambiguous, complex, mystical and multi-faceted as it is, it represents a wonderful example of the confusion that comes with what has been termed reflexive modernity (Beck, 1992): This epoch where we must now face up to the “hazards and insecurities induced and introduced by modernisation” and concern ourselves “not just with making nature useful, or with releasing mankind from traditional constraints, but also essentially with problems resulting from techno-economic development itself”.


Development Agenda Agricultural Sustainability Good Agriculture Scientific Reductionism Reflexive Modernity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Bawden, R.J., 1995, Systemic Development: A Learning Approach to Change, unpublished occasional paper #1 Centre for Systemic Development.Google Scholar
  2. Beck, U., 1992, Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity, Translation by Mark Ritter, Sage Publications, London.Google Scholar
  3. Douglass, G.K., 1984, The Meanings of Agricultural Sustainability, in: Agricultural Sustainability in a Changing World Order (G.K. Douglass, ed.), Westview Press, Boulder.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Bawden
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Systemic DevelopmentUniversity of Western Sydney HawkesburyRichmondAustralia

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