Systems and Systems Theory

  • Frederick L. Bates
Part of the Contemporary Systems Thinking book series (CST)


The term system refers to a complex cognitive apparatus that organizes or orders an image of empirical phenomena in the mind of an observer according to a structural strategy. As a cognitive apparatus, the concept system consists of a cross-referenced set of ideas that produces a certain type of mental image used to represent phenomena thought of as being external to the mind. It operates in the mind as a kind of artificial “thinking” machine that imposes an order on the mind’s transactions within itself and between itself and a world encountered through the senses.


System Theory Concept System Soap Bubble Empirical Phenomenon Ecological Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick L. Bates
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of GeorgiaAthensGeorgia

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