Advertisement

Double Beta Decay Research — Present and Future

  • Yuri G. Zdesenko
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 363)

Abstract

During the last fifteen years remarkable results have been obtained in double beta decay investigation, level of which looked like unattainable during the whole history of this research beginning from the theoretical prediction of 2β decay by M. Goeppert-Mayer 1 in 1935 and the first experimental work by E. Fireman 2 in 1948: half-life limit of greater than 1024 y for neutrinoless (0ν) 2β decay of 76Ge 3–6; large scale experiments on 76Ge with enriched HP Ge detectors 5,6; half-life limits of greater than 1023 y for 0ν2β decay of 136Xe 7 and 1022 y for 82Se 8, 100Mo 9, 116Cd 10 and 130Te 11; observation of the two neutrino (2ν) 2β decay of 76Ge 4–6, 82Se 8, 100Mo 12–14, 116Cd 15–17 and 150Nd 13, 18 in direct counting experiments; progress in the theoretical interpretation of double beta decay 19–21.

Keywords

Time Projection Chamber Underground Laboratory Nuclear Matrix Element Majorana Neutrino Mass Quasiparticle Random Phase Approximation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Goeppert-Mayer, Phys. Rev. 48, 512 (1935).ADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.L. Fireman. Phys. Rev. 74, 1238 (1948).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.O. Caldwell et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 13, 547 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    I.V. Kirpichnikov, Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 28A, 210 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus (Heidelberg-Moscow Collabor.), Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 31, 72 (1993).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    F.T. Avignone et al. (IGEX Collabor.), Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 35, 354 (1994).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.-C. Vuilleumieret al., Phys. Rev. D 48, 1009 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.R. Elliot et al., Phys. Rev. C 46, 1535 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Alston-Garnjost et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 831 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F.A. Danevich et al., Proc. 3-rd Int. Symp. on Weak and Electromagn. Inter. in Nuclei WEIN-92 (Dubna, June 1992 ), ed. Ts. Vylov ( World Sci. Publ. Co., 1993 ) p. 575.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Alessandrello et al., Phys. Lett. B 335, 519 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Ejiri et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 28A, 219 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. S.R. Elliot et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 31, 68 (1993).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. Dassie et al. (NEMO Collaboration), Phys. Rew. D 51, 2090 (1995).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    F.A. Danevich et al., Phys. Lett. B 344, 72 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Ejiri et al., Journal of the Phys. Society of Japan 64, 339 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Arnold et al., JETP Lett. 61, 170 (1995).ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    V.A. Artemiev et al., JETP Lett. 58, 262 (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Tomoda, Rep. Prog. Phys. 54, 53 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, Proc. 3-rd Int. Symp. on Weak and Electromagn. Inter.in Nuclei WEIN-92, Dubna, June 1992, ed. Vylov (World Sci. Publ. Co., 1993) p.201.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Moe and P. Vogel, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 44, 247 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G.B. Gelmini and M. Roncadelli, Phys. Lett. B 99, 411 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y. Chikashige, R.N. Mohapatra, R.D. Peccei, Phys. Lett. B 98, 265 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. Aulakh and R.N. Mohapatra, Phys. Lett. B 119, 136 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R.N. Mohapatra and P.B. Pal, Massive Neutrinos in Phys. and Astrophys. (World Sci. Publ. Co., 1991 ).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. Steinberger, Phys. Rep. 203, 345 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Helmig et al., Proc.Int. Workshop on Double Beta Decay and Related Topics, Trento, Italy, April 24 - May 5, 1995 (World Sci. Publ. Co., 1996 ) p. 130.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Hirsch et al., Phys. Rev. D. 53, 1329 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Athanassopoulos et al., Phys.Rev. Lett. 75, 2650 (1995).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    D.G. Lee and R.N. Mohapatra, Phys. Lett. B 329, 463 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ya.B. Zeldovich, S.Yu. Lukyanov and Ya.A. Smorodinski, Soy. Phys.Usp. 54, 361 (1954).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    G.F. Dell’Antonio and E. Fiorini, Suppl. Nuovo Cim. 17, 132 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    V.R. Lazarenko, Soy. Phys. Usp. 9, 860 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    E. Fiorini, Riv. Nuovo Cim. 2, 1 (1972).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. Bryman and C. Picciotto, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 11 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yu.G. Zdesenko, Soy. J. Part. Nucl. 11, 542 (1980).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. Primakoff and S.P. Rosen, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 31, 145 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    W.C. Haxton and G.J. Stephenson Jr., Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 12, 409 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    M.G. Schepkin, Soy. Phys. Usp. 27, 555 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    M. Doi, T. Kotani, and E. Takasugi, Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 83, 1 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    J.D. Vergados, Phys. Rep. 133, 1 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    F.T. Avignone III and R.L. Brodzinski, Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 21, 99 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    A. Faessler, Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 21, 183 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    K. Muto and H.V. Klapdor, in Neutrinos, ed. by H.V.Klapdor ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, 1988 ), p. 183.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    D.O. Caldwell, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 4, 1851 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    M.K. Moe, Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 19, 158 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    F. Boehm and P. Vogel, Physics of Massive Neutrinos 2-nd ed., ( Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992 ).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    M.K. Moe, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 2, 507 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    V.I. Tretyak and Yu.G. Zdesenko, At. Data and Nucl. Data Tables 61, 43 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, Proc.Int. Workshop on Double Beta Decay and Related Topics, Trento, Italy, April 24 - May 5, 1995 (World Sci. Publ. Co., 1996 ) p. 3.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    R.N. Mohapatra, Proc.Int. Workshop on Double Beta Decay and Related Topics, Trento, Italy, April 24 - May 5, 1995 (World Sci. Publ. Co., 1996 ) p. 44.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    J.W.F. Walle, Proc.Int. Workshop on Double Beta Decay and Related Topics, Trento, Italy, April 24 - May 5, 1995 (World Sci. Publ. Co., 1996 ) p. 69.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    W.C. Haxton, G.J. Stephenson Jr., and D. Strottman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 153 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    W.C. Haxton, S.P. Rosen, and G.J. Stephenson Jr., Phys. Rev. D 26, 1805 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    T. Tsuboi, K. Muto, and H. Horie, Phys. Lett. B 143, 293 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    W.C. Haxton, Nucl. Phys. B (Proc..Suppl.) 31, 88 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    P. Vogel and M.R. Zirnbauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3148 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    K. Grotz and H.V. Klapdor, Nucl. Phys. A 460, 395 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    O. Civitarese, A. Faessler, and T. Tomoda, Phys. Lett. B 194, 11 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    T. Tomoda and A. Faessler, Phys. Lett. B 199, 475 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    J. Engel, P. Vogel, and M.R. Zirnbauer, Phys. Rev. C 37, 731 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    K. Muto, E. Bender, and H.V. Klapdor, Z. Phys. A 334, 177; 187 (1989).ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    G. Pantis et al., J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 18, 605 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    A. Staudt, K. Muto, and H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, Europhys. Lett. 13, 31 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    J. Suhonen and O. Civitarese, Phys. Lett. B 308, 212 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    G. Pantis and J.D. Vergados, Phys. Rep. 242, 285 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    D.B. Stout and T.T.S. Kuo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1900 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    S. Stoica and W.A. Kaminski, Phys. Rev. C 47, 867 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    C.R. Ching and T.H. Ho, Comm. Theor. Phys. 10, 45 (1988).Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    C.R. Ching, T.H. Ho, and X. Wu, Phys. Rev. C 40, 304 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    M. Gmitro and F. Simkovic, Izv. AN SSSR, ser. fiz. 54, 1780 (1990).Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    X.R. Wu et al., Phys. Lett. B 272, 169 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    X.R. Wu et al., Phys. Lett. B 276, 274 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    M. Hirsch et al., Phys. Rep. 242, 403 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    J. Engel, W.C. Haxton, and P. Vogel, Phys. Rev. C 46, 2153 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    O. Castanos et al., Nucl. Phys A 571, 276 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    J.H. Hirsch et al., Nucl. Phys A 582, 124 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    J.D. Vergados, Nucl. Phys B 250, 618 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    M. Lusignoli and M.G. Schepkin, Nucl. Phys B 261, 143 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    J. Suhonen, S.B. Khadkikar and A. Faessler, Phys. Lett. B 237, 8 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    J. Suhonen, S.B. Khadkikar and A. Faessler, Nucl. Phys. A 529, 727 (1991); Nucl. Phys. A 529, 727 (1991).Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    K. Grotz and H.V. Klapdor, The Weak Interaction in Nuclear, Particle and Astrophysics ( Adam Hilger, Bristol/Philadelphia/New York, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    K. Muto, E. Bender, and H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, Z. Phys. A 339, 435 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    W.C. Haxton, Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 31, 88 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 48, 216 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    A. Balysh et al., Phys. Lett. B 322, 176 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    C.E. Aalseth et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 48, 223 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Yu.G. Zdesenko et al., Proc.Int.Conf. Neutrino-82,Balatonfured, Hungary, 1982, ed. by A. Frenkel and L. Jenik (Budapest, 1982 ), p. 209.Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    S.I. Vasilyev et al., JETP Lett. 51, 622 (1990).ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Yu. Zdesenko, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 17, s243 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    F.A. Danevich et al., JETP Lett. 49, 476 (1989).ADSGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    F.A. Danevich et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 48, 232 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    A. Alessandrello et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 35, 366 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    A. Alessandrelloet al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 48, 238 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    J. Busto et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 48, 251 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    T.A. Girard et al., Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 316, 44 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    A.G. Prokopets, S. Sasaki, and M. Miyajima, KEK Proc. 94–7, 60 (Tsukuba, 1994 ).Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    M.K. Moe, Phys. Rev. C 44, 931 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    M. Miyajima, S. Sasaki, and H. Tawara, Proc. 6-th Workshop on Rad. Detectors and Their Uses. Tsukuba, Japan, Jan. 29–30, 1991 (Tsukuba, 1991), p. 19.Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    A.A. Klimenko et al., Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 17, 445 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    M.K. Moe, M.A. Nelson, and M.A. Vient, Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 32, 247 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    V.A. Artemiev et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 48, 241 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    F.A. Danevich et al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 48 235 (19%).Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    A. Morales, Proc. of TAUP’89, Aquilla, September 25–28, 1989, ed. A. Bottino and P. Monacelli ( Editions Frontieres, Gif-sur-Yvette, 1989 ) p. 97.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuri G. Zdesenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Nuclear ResearchNational Academy of SciencesUkraine

Personalised recommendations