Fathering in the Breccia

On the Banks of the Rubicon
  • Wade C. Mackey
Part of the The Springer Series in Adult Development and Aging book series (SSAD)


In the 1990s, the man who is in the father role finds himself in the whirling, howling ecology of the U.S. megatribe. Human males, just as adult males in other species, or human children or human women, tend to avoid unpleasant or noxious stimuli and to approach pleasant and pleasurable stimuli. A whole discipline in learning psychology was based on such learned approach-avoidance gradients and reinforcement schedules (see Dollard & Miller, 1950; cf Seligman and Hager, 1972; Skinner, 1938, 1953, 1971). As the U.S. father views the fathering role within the U.S. culture, what does he see? This chapter examines some of the societal dynamics that surround the status of U.S. father.


Visitation Time Child Support Aversive Event Minor Child African American Sample 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wade C. Mackey
    • 1
  1. 1.Southeastern Community CollegeWest BurlingtonUSA

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