Fostering Family Adaptation
Families face a myriad of adverse changes in role functioning, financial status, and expectations for their future following traumatic brain injury (TBI) to a family member. The impact of these changes is frequently depression, anxiety, anger, and guilt (Lezak, 1978; Livingston et al., 1985a,b; Shaw & McMahon, 1990), with some research going so far as to suggest that family members may become even more burdened than the individual who has been injured (Brooks, 1991). Burden escalates over time and is associated with the severity of the TBI individual’s cognitive and social problems (Livingston, 1985b; Oddy et al., 1978a). Family burden also tends to be chronic. For example, Brooks (1991) reports that 89% of the relatives he studied reported medium to high levels of subjective burden 5 years following the occurrence of the injury.
KeywordsTraumatic Brain Injury Education Session Traumatic Brain Injury Patient Realistic Expectation Communication Skill Training
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