Approaches to Rehabilitation Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Early approaches to traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation emphasized conservative management and the treatment of physical disability (Symonds, 1962). With increasing acknowledgment of the cognitive and behavioral sequelae of TBI, rehabilitation evolved into a more broadly focused multidisciplinary approach (e.g., Lewis, 1966; Lewin, 1968). By the 1970s, it was finally recognized that residual behavioral and cognitive impairments were the fundamental obstacles to readjustment following TBI (Richardson, 1990; Walker, 1972). This realization led to the adoption of more holistic interventions and to a shift of emphasis in rehabilitation toward the psychosocial sequelae of TBI (Forssmann-Falck & Christian, 1989; Wagner et al., 1990). Currently, there are numerous approaches to TBI rehabilitation, each approach tending to focus more or less on one or another sequela.
KeywordsTraumatic Brain Injury Traumatic Brain Injury Patient Vocational Rehabilitation Cognitive Rehabilitation Cognitive Remediation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.