Crystallization, one of the oldest and most important unit operations, is widely used in the chemical industry for a purification, separation, and/or production step, yielding good quality crystals. It is a practical method to obtain a concentrated chemical substance in a form that is pure, appealing, and convenient to handle. In modern chemical engineering parlance, it is a simultaneous heat and mass transfer process with a strong dependence on fluid and particle mechanics. Furthermore, it takes place in multiphase and multicomponent systems, and is concerned with time-variant-distributed particulate solids that are rather difficult to characterize uniquely.


Draft Tube Residence Time Distribution Good Quality Crystal Solid Liquid Relative Supersaturation 
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Further Reading

  1. Bamforth, A. W.: Industrial Crystallization, Leonard Hill, London (1965).Google Scholar
  2. Jancic, S. J. and Grootscholten, P. A. M: Industrial Crystallization, Delft University Press, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht (1984).Google Scholar
  3. Mullin, J. W.: Crystallization, 3rd ed., Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford (1993).Google Scholar
  4. Nyvlt, J.: Industrial Crystallization from Solutions, Butterworth, London, (1971).Google Scholar
  5. Nyvlt, J.: Industrial Crystallization — the State of the Art, 2nd ed., VCH Publishers, Weinheim, Germany (1982).Google Scholar
  6. Nyvlt, J.: Design of Crystallizers, CRC Press, Boca Raton (1992).Google Scholar
  7. Randolph, A. D. and Larson, M. A.: Theory of Pariculate Processes, 2nd ed., Academic Press, San Diego (1988).Google Scholar
  8. Söhnel, O. and Garside, J.: Precipitation, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford (1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narayan S. Tavare
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST)ManchesterUK

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