Psychological Testing and Assessment

  • Stephen Hurt
  • Naomi Tomoyasu
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


This chapter reviews the topic of psychological assessment during internship. The goals and strategies of assessment are considered, as well as the targets or areas of assessment. Interns may use this information to form meaningful referral questions, identify appropriate psychological tests, and determine viable test strategies. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the assessment process, from the initial referral to the writing of the report.


Bulimia Nervosa Psychological Testing Behavioral Assessment Psychological Assessment Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, (4th Edition). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. Barchas, J. D., Berger, P. A., Ciaranello, R. D., et al. (1977). Psychopharmacology: From theory to practice. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  4. Beck, A. T., Schuyler, D., & Herman, I. (1974). Development of suicidal intent scales. In A. T. Beck, H. L. P. Resnick, & D. J. Lettieri, (Eds.), The prediction of suicide. Bowie, MD: Charles.Google Scholar
  5. Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., et al. (1961). An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561–571.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Beigel, A., Murphy, D., & Bunney, W. (1971). The Manic State Rating Scale: Scale construction, reliability and validity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 25, 256–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Benjamin, L. S. (1976). Structural analysis of social behavior. Psychological Reviews, 81, 392–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Beutler, L. E. (1983). Eclectic psychotherapy: A systematic approach. New York: Pergamon.Google Scholar
  9. Blanchard, E. G., & Young, L. D. (1974). Clinical applications of biofeedback training. Archives of General Psychiatry, 30, 581–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Buss, A. H., & Durkee, A. (1957). An inventory for assessing different kinds of hostility. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 21, 343–349.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cattel, R. B., Eber, H. W., & Tatsuoka, M. M. (1970). Handbook for the sixteen personality factor inventory. Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.Google Scholar
  12. Clarkin, J. F., & Hurt, S. W. (1988). Psychological assessment: Tests and rating scales. In J. A. Talbott, R. E. Hales, & S. C. Yudofsky, (Eds.), Textbooks of psychiatry, (pp. 225–246). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  13. Cox, D., Freundlich, A., & Meyer, R. G. (1975). Differential effectiveness of electromyograph feedback, verbal relaxation instructions, and medication placebo with tension headaches. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43, 892–898.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cull, J. G., & Gill, W. S. (1986). Suicide probability scale (SPS): Manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  15. Derogatis, L. R. (1982). Self-report measures of stress. In L. Goldberger & L. Breznitz, (Eds.), Handbook of stress. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  16. DiNardo, P., & Barlow, D. H. (1988). Anxiety disorders interview schedule—Revised (ADIS-R). Albany, NY: Graywind.Google Scholar
  17. Endicott J., & Spitzer R. L. (1978). A diagnostic interview: The schedule of affective disorders and schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 35, 837–844.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Endler, N. S., Hunt, J. McV., & Rosenstein, A. J. (1962). An S-R inventory of anxiousness. Psychological Monographs: General Applied, 76, (17, whole no. 536), 1–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, S. B. (1969). The structure and measurement of personality. San Diego, CA: R. R. Knapp.Google Scholar
  20. Fairburn, C. G., & Cooper, Z. (1993). The eating disorder examination (12th ed.). In G. T. Wilson (Eds.), Binge eating: Nature, assessment, and treatment (pp. 317–360). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  21. Frances, A., Clarkin, J. F., & Perry, S. (1984). Differential therapeutics in psychiatry: The art and science of treatment selection. New York: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
  22. Garner, D. M., & Garfinkel, P. E. (1979). The Eating Attitudes Test: An index of symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Psychological Medicine, 9, 273–279.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Geer, J. H., Morokoff, D., & Greenwood, P. (1974). Sexual arousal in women: The development of a measurement device for vaginal blood-volume. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 3, 559–564.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Golden C. J., Hammeke T., & Purisch, A. (1978). Diagnostic validity of the Luria neuropsychological battery. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 1258–1265.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gough, H. G. (1956-1957). California psychological inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press.Google Scholar
  26. Hamilton, M. (1960). A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurological and Neurosurgical Psychiatry, 23, 56–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Harrow, M., & Quinlan, D. (Eds.) (1985). Disordered thinking and schizophrenic psychopathology. New York: Gardner.Google Scholar
  28. Heaton, R. K., & Crowley, T. J. (1981). Effect of psychiatric disorders and their somatic treatments on neuropsychological test results. In S. B. Filskov & T. J. Boll (Eds.), Handbook of clinical neuropsychology. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  29. Hurt, S. W., Holzman, P. S., & Davis, J. M. (1983). Thought disorder: The measurement of its changes. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40, 1281–1285.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jackson, D. N. (1974). Personality research form manual. Goshen, NY: Research Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  31. Jenkins, C. D., Rosenman, R. H., & Friedman, J. (1967). Development of an objective psychological test for the determination of the coronary-prone behavior pattern in employed men. Journal of Chronic Disease, 20, 371–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Johnston, M. H., & Holzman, P. S. (1979). Assessing schizophrenic thinking. San Francisco: Josey-Bass.Google Scholar
  33. Katz, M. M., & Lyerly, S. B. (1963). Methods for measuring adjustment and social behavior in the community: I. Rationale, description, discriminative validity and scale development. Psychological Reports Monograph, 13, 503–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Leary, T. (1957). Interpersonal diagnosis of personality. New York: Ronald.Google Scholar
  35. Linehan, M. M., Goldstein, J. L., Neilson, S. L., et al. (1983). Reasons for staying alive when you are thinking of killing yourself: The Reasons for Living Inventory. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 276–286.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Loranger, A. (1988). Personality disorder examination (PDE) manual. Yonkers, NY: DV Communications.Google Scholar
  37. Lorr, M., & McNair, D. M. (1965). Expansion of the interpersonal behavior circle. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 22, 823–830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lorr, M., & Youniss, R. P. (1973). An inventory of interpersonal style. Journal of Personality Assessment, 37, 165–173.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lubin, B., Larsen, R. M., Matarazzo, J. D., & Seever, M. F. (1985). Psychological test usage patterns in five professional settings. American Psychologist, 40, 857–861.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Luria, A. R. (1973). The working brain. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  41. MacAndrew, C. (1965). The differentiation of male alcohol outpatients from nonalcoholic psychiatric patients by means of the MMPI. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 26, 238–246.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Marengo, J., & Harrow, M. (1985). Thought disorder: A function of schizophrenia, mania or psychosis? Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 173, 35–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Marks, I. M., & Mathews, A. M. (1979). Brief standard self-rating for phobic patients. Behavioral Research Therapy, 17, 262–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Meichenbaum, D. H., & Asarnow, J. (1979). Cognitive behavior modification and meta-cognitive development: Implications for the classroom. In P. C. Kendall & S. D. Hollon (Eds.), Cognitive behavioral interventions: Theory, research, and procedures. New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  45. Meisler, A. W., & Carey, M. P. (1990). A critical reevaluation of nocturnal penile tumescence monitoring in the diagnosis of erectile dysfunction. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 178, 78–89.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Miller, N. E. (1978). Biofeedback and visceral training. Annual Review of Psychology, 29, 246–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Millon, T. (1983). Millon clinical multiaxial inventory (3rd ed.). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Interpretive Scoring Systems.Google Scholar
  48. Piotrowski, C., & Keller, J. W. (1989). Psychological testing in outpatient mental health facilities: A national study. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice.Google Scholar
  49. Reitan, R. M., & Wolfson D. (1985). The Halstead-Reitan neuropsychological test battery: Theory and clinical interpretation. Tucson, AZ: Neuropsychology Press.Google Scholar
  50. Seidman, I. J. (1983). Schizophrenia and brain dysfunction: An integration of recent neurodiagnostic findings. Psychological Bulletin, 94, 195–238.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Skinner, B. F. (1974). About behaviorism. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
  52. Sobell, M. B., Maisto, S. A., Sobell, L. C., & Saunders, B. (1980). Developing a prototype for evaluating alcohol treatment effectiveness. In L. C. Sobell, M. B. Sobell, & E. Ward (Eds.), Evaluating alcohol treatment effectiveness. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  53. Snyder, D. K., Willis, R. M., & Keiser, T. W. (1979). Empirical validation of the Marital Satisfaction Inventory: An actuarial approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 49, 262–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Spanier, G. B. (1976). Measuring dyadic adjustment: New scales for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads. Journal of Marriage and Family, 38, 15–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., & Luchene, R. E. (1976). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  56. Spitzer, R. L., & Williams, J. (1987). Structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R personality disorders (SCID-II, 7/11/85). New York: New York State Psychiatric Institute, Biometrics Research Department.Google Scholar
  57. Spitzer, R. L., Williams, J., & Gibbon, M. (1987). Structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R (SCID). New York: State Psychiatric Institute, Biometrics Research Department.Google Scholar
  58. Stangl, D., Pfohl, B., Zimmerman, M. et al. (1985). A structural interview for the DSM-III personality disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 42, 591–596.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Sweeney, J. A., Clarkin, J. F., & Fitzgibbon, M. L. (1987). Current practice of psychological assessment. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 50, 44–49.Google Scholar
  60. Weissman, M. M., & Bothwell, S. (1976). Assessment of social treatment by patient self-report. Archives of General Psychiatry, 32, 111–115.Google Scholar
  61. Widiger, T. A., & Frances, A. Interviews and inventories for the measurement of personality disorders. Clinical Psychology Review, 7, 49–75.Google Scholar
  62. Young, J. E. (1982). Loneliness, depression and cognitive therapy. In L. A. Peplau & D. A. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy. New York, New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  63. Zung, W. W. K. (1974). Index of Potential Suicide (IPS): A rating scale for suicide prevention. In A. T. Beck, H. L. P. Resnick & D. J. Lettieri (Eds.), The prediction of suicide. Bowie, MD: Charles Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Hurt
    • 1
  • Naomi Tomoyasu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Division of Psychology, Westchester DivisionNew York Hospital-Cornell Medical CenterWhite PlainsUSA

Personalised recommendations