Fabrication of Two-Dimensional Crystalline Arrays of Protein Molecules

  • Kuniaki Nagayama
Part of the Electronics and Biotechnology Advanced (EL.B.A.) Forum Series book series (ELBA, volume 2)


Life in the universe as we know it is based upon systems of cells: from single-cell bacteria to trillions of complexly interacting cells -an organism. It is sometimes instructive to consider these cellular units as being “factories” containing various molecular machines consuming energy and material while carrying out complex processes and manufacturing new materials (Alberts et al., 1994). Interestingly, many of the components of cells -amino acids to proteins to protein complexes (supramolecules) to cellular organelle -are formed by self-assembly under the instructions of DNA. These cells also produce all of the proteins and supramolecules necessary to form tissue and ultimately organisms that are a million-times larger than the original simple protein.


Protein Molecule Protein Array Array Formation Liquid Thin Layer Mercury Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kuniaki Nagayama
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Nagayama Protein Array ProjectERATO, JRDCTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Life Sciences, College of Arts and SciencesThe University of TokyoKomaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 153Japan

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