Kleinig (1991) argued that, when considering issues in medical ethics, the condition of the organism should be viewed in a broad context, rather than from an absolute perspective. The capacities and physical condition of individuals are different depending on whether they are at a fetal, neonatal, adolescent, adult, or senescent state. Both the potential and residual qualities of organisms should be considered. Potential qualities should be evaluated in terms of the expected normal developmental trajectory, with those individuals who have a strong likelihood to realize their normal potential helped to do so, and should emphasize the expected quality of life individuals might enjoy.
KeywordsCapital Punishment Social Contract Spina Bifida Slippery Slope Active Euthanasia
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