Alcohol Use

  • Michael Windle
  • Jean Thatcher Shope
  • Oscar Bukstein
Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)


The majority of adolescents have used alcohol on at least some occasions (e.g., at parties) by their senior year of high school, with more than a few teens abusing alcohol on a regular basis. It has been estimated that 4.6 million adolescents (i.e., 3 out of 10) annually have problems related to alcohol use (Bowen, 1988). Higher levels of adolescent alcohol use have been associated with the three most frequent forms of mortality among adolescents, namely, accidental deaths (e.g., fatal automobile or boating crashes), homicides, and suicides. Nearly 9 out of 10 teenage automobile accidents involve the use of alcohol. Higher levels of adolescent alcohol use are also associated with higher rates of a number of other pressing problems on the public health agenda, including an increased risk of contracting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and other sexually transmitted diseases, teenage pregnancy, and poor school performance or school dropout. Alcohol use has been characterized as a “gateway” substance, preceding the use of marijuana and then other illegal substances such as cocaine or heroin (e.g., Kandel, 1985). Given the widespread use of alcohol among adolescents, and its significant relations to a host of other health-related problems, it must be considered pivotal in preventive intervention approaches seeking to reduce health-compromising behaviors among adolescents.


Binge Drinking Adolescent Alcohol Parent Management Training White Adolescent Alcohol Advertising 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Windle
    • 1
  • Jean Thatcher Shope
    • 2
  • Oscar Bukstein
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Institute on AddictionsBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.University of Michigan Transportation Research InstituteAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical CenterPittsburghUSA

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