Modulation of Wound Repair by Members of the Fibroblast Growth Factor Family

  • Judith A. Abraham
  • Michael Klagsbrun


The fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) comprise a family of at least nine structurally homologous polypeptides that are found in a variety of cells and tissues (Baird and Böhlen, 1990; Brem and Klagsbrun, 1993; Burgess and Maciag, 1989; Folkman and Klagsbrun, 1987; Klagsbrun, 1989; Klagsbrun and D’Amore, 1991; Klagsbrun and Folkman, 1990; Rifkin and Moscatelli, 1989; Tanaka et al., 1992; Miyamoto et al., 1993). This family includes acidic FGF (aFGF), basic FGF (bFGF), int-2 protein, HST/K-FGF, FGF-5, FGF-6, keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), androgen-induced growth factor (AIGF), and glia-activating factor (GAF) (see Table I). These growth factors have been enumerated as FGF-1 through FGF-9, respectively, in order to simplify the nomenclature (Baird and Klagsbrun, 1991). However, since the name KGF is still widely used, the designation “KGF/FGF-7” will be used here in referring to this factor. The aFGF (FGF-1) and bFGF (FGF-2) proteins are the most extensively characterized FGF family members in terms of detailed knowledge concerning structure and biological activity.


Fibroblast Growth Factor Granulation Tissue Wound Closure Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judith A. Abraham
    • 1
  • Michael Klagsbrun
    • 2
  1. 1.Scios Nova Inc.Mountain ViewUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Surgery and PathologyChildren’s Hospital, and Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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