Taurine 2 pp 527-535 | Cite as

Role of Taurine in Thermoregulation and Motor Control

Behavioural and Cellular Studies
  • Gianpietro Sgaragli
  • Maria Frosini
  • Mitri Palmi
  • Henry B. F. Dixon
  • Nicholas Desmond-Smith
  • Loria Bianchi
  • Laura Della Corte
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 403)


Despite extensive studies on the synthesis and possible neuronal or extraneuronal uptake and release of taurine, there is still no consensus about its functions23, 24, 35. It has variously been designated as a neurotransmitter, neuromodulator, a modulator of Ca2+ fluxes, an osmoregulator or membrane stabilizer and an antioxidant (Figure 1). These effects may, at least in some cases, be interlinked. Thus, for example, the neuroprotective effects of taurine may be related to its osmoregulatory, antioxidant and Ca2+-modulating functions.


Substantia Nigra Kainic Acid Cysteine Sulfinic Acid Cysteine Sulfinate Decarboxylase Cysteine Sulfinate 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianpietro Sgaragli
    • 1
  • Maria Frosini
    • 1
  • Mitri Palmi
    • 1
  • Henry B. F. Dixon
    • 2
  • Nicholas Desmond-Smith
    • 2
  • Loria Bianchi
    • 3
  • Laura Della Corte
    • 3
  1. 1.Istituto di Scienze FarmacologicheUniversità degli Studi di SienaSienaItaly
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Farmacologia Preclinica e Clinica “M. Aiazzi-Mancini”Universitá degli Studi di FirenzeFlorenceItaly

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