Countering Sign Vandalism with Public Service Advertising

  • Katherine Frith
Part of the The Springer Series in Social Clinical Psychology book series (SSSC)


In a study compiled for the Transportation Research Board in 1983 by Chadda and Carter (1), it was noted that about $50 million is being spent annually in the United States by state departments of transportation to replace stolen and vandalized highway signs. In addition, the indirect costs incurred by state governments for injury and tort liability in accidents that result from missing and vandalized highway signs are estimated to be of about the same magnitude.


Incorrect Response Transportation Research Crime Prevention Stop Sign Advertising Message 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine Frith

There are no affiliations available

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