Essential Trace Elements in the Nutrition of Infants

  • P. Brätter


The newborn child has to develop its own regulation of the metabolic processes. Included in the anabolic structure are the digestive system, the respiratory chain and the endogenous defense system. In addition, the newborn has to develop the ability to synthesize essential compounds from the nutritive fluid, as well as the ability to concentrate waste material in the urine. Apart from other nutrients, an adequate supply of essential trace elements is required to ensure optimal development of all metabolic functions. About 17 of the 90 naturally occurring elements are classified as trace elements. Due to their known physiological importance, 10 of these trace elements (chromium, cobalt, copper, fluorine, iron, iodine, manganese, molybdenum, selenium and zinc) are regarded today as being essential in the nutrition of infants.


Breast Milk Human Milk Infant Formula Essential Trace Element Selenium Content 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Brätter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Trace Elements in Health and NutritionHahn-Meitner Institute BerlinBerlinGermany

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