Samples and Populations
The notion of sampling is at the very heart of the statistical principles discussed in this book, so it is worth pausing here at the beginning of Part II to discuss clearly what sampling is and to consider some of the issues that the practice of sampling raises in archaeology. Archaeologists have, in fact, been practicing sampling in one way or another ever since there were archaeologists, but widespread recognition of this fact has only come about in the past 20 years or so. In 1970 the entire literature on sampling in archaeology consisted of a very small handful of chapters and articles. Today there are hundreds and hundreds of articles, chapters, and whole books, including many that attempt to explain the basics of statistical sampling to archaeologists who do not understand sampling principles.
KeywordsEntire Population Sampling Bias Archaeological Site Simple Random Sampling Random Number Table
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