It is commonly recognized that a viable discourse has cohesion/coherence and prominence; the latter concern underlies the discussion of foregrounding and salience in the previous chapter. As for cohesion and coherence, two matters are involved here: surface structure cohesive devices (Halliday and Hasan, 1976); and semantic and lexical coherence. Here we necessarily get into matters of the overall thrust and import of a discourse, i. e., its macrostructure (van Dijk, 1977, 1980). In a narrative we specifically recognize the primacy of plot as a coherence device.
KeywordsSurface Structure Vantage Point Notional Structure Rhetorical Question Narrative Discourse
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