Ocean Pulse pp 55-61 | Cite as

The Impact of Armed Forces on the Development of Marine Technology

A Look Back—A Look Ahead
  • Donald R. Chandler


History gives us no record of precisely when diving first began or, who the first divers were (1). History does, however, indicate that most of the early diving exploits were related to Navy hardware. As a case in point, we know that divers were used in at least six naval battles between the year 400 B.C. and 77 A.D. without using breathing devices, of course. A drawing in a book written by Vegetius in 375 A.D., and published in 1511, is probably the first diving system design in history. Leonardo DaVinci sketched diving outfits and handfins in some of his work.


Marine Technology Military Mission Walter Reed Army Institute Panama City Ocean Resource 
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  1. 1.
    History of Diving (unpublished slide presentation — Circa 1973); LCDR Edson Whittaker, USN; Navy Experimental Diving Unit, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Flynn, Capt. Edward T., MC, USN (Ret.), (personal interview) May 1996.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.R. Chandler (Personal Communication); 1997.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald R. Chandler
    • 1
  1. 1.MartinsburgUSA

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