Taurine 3 pp 477-486 | Cite as

Quantitation of Taurine and Selenium Levels in Human Milk and Estimated Intake of Taurine by Breast-Fed Infants during the early Periods of Lactation

  • Eul-Sang Kim
  • Jung-Seup Kim
  • Kum-Ho Cho
  • Kyu-Han Lee
  • Yuzo Tamari
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 442)


Nutrient requirements for term infants are often based on the composition of human milk and the average volume of milk consumed within a 24-h period25. The role of taurine in human nutrition and physiology has been intensively reviewed1,9,10,12,36,40. Taurine is one of the most abundant free amino acids in human milk, being exceeded only by glutamic acid27,29. The importance of taurine as a milk component was suggested by studies showing reduced taurine concentrations in plasma and urine of human infants fed synthetic formulas with little or no taurine as compared to those of infants fed human milk4. Primates, including humans, may also depend on exogenous sources to maintain normal taurine levels in milk, as their ability to synthesize taurine from endogenous sources is also restricted13. Gaull et al.5 have suggested that human milk supplies the newborn infant with a supply of taurine to compensate for a low capacity for taurine biosynthesis.


Breast Milk Human Milk Selenium Concentration Selenium Level Selenium Content 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eul-Sang Kim
    • 1
  • Jung-Seup Kim
  • Kum-Ho Cho
  • Kyu-Han Lee
  • Yuzo Tamari
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Food Science and NutritionDankook UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryKonan UniversityKobeJapan

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