Improvement in Surface Properties of Lignocellulosics Using Cold-Plasma Treatment

  • F. Denes
  • R. A. Young


Twenty-first Century technologies will require low cost, accessible and high performance materials due to the following reasons:
  • Most of the components of future machinery will have to “survive” under extreme conditions (thermal stability, mechanical strength, chemical inertness, etc.) while meeting the miniaturization requirements;

  • Their bulk structures should be composed of low cost materials. The end of the petroleum era at the beginning of the next millennium will “force” scientists to develop new technologies and high performance materials based mainly on renewable biomaterials;

  • Surface characteristics of these “hybrid” structures should exhibit properties which would allow their use under extreme conditions. Light-weight, thermally- and radiation-stable, chemically inert “skinned” materials will probably replace precious-metal-based heavy and costly structures in space technology applications. Tailored, special electrical and optical surface properties will also permit the creation of ultra-miniaturized high speed circuitry. Molecular recognition will play a central role in future technologies. Immobilized enzymes and oligonucleotides and other biologically important macromolecules will lead, in the next century, to the development of molecular-selective technologies and to the creation of oligonucleotide libraries. Unprecedented highways will open up on this way for the instant identification of diseases and for the development of efficient novel therapeutics.

  • Composite structures should replace specific-materials-based-products for economical, environmental and performance reasons. This approach will require novel surface-compatibization technologies, in the absence of which, high performance composite networks can not be prepared.


Contact Angle Cold Plasma Silicon Tetrachloride High Performance Material High Fluorine Content 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Denes
    • 1
  • R. A. Young
    • 1
  1. 1.Engineering Research Center for Plasma -Aided Manufacturing and Department of ForestryUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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