Fine-Grained Differences within Positional Categories

A Case Study of Pithecia and Chiropotes
  • Suzanne E. Walker

Abstract

The study of primate locomotion and posture has advanced considerably since its beginnings, approximately thirty years ago. Early studies were primarily concerned with inferring the locomotor behavior of the earliest hominids, using the living great apes as analogues (Ashton and Oxnard, 1963; Napier, 1963). A turning point for studies on locomotion and posture was the 1965 Primate Locomotion Symposium, organized by Warren Kinzey. In this symposium, the importance of field studies was first emphasized, as was the importance of distinguishing between locomotor categories based upon natural behavior rather than upon skeletal anatomy or observations of zoo animals (Kinzey, 1967). At the same time, Prost (1965) stressed the importance of a standardized system to classify positional (i.e., locomotor and postural) behavior, which would allow for more precise comparison between studies, and emphasized the importance of postural (in addition to locomotor) behaviors in shaping the postcranium.

Keywords

Positional Behavior Locomotor Behavior Body Orientation Behavioral Category Support Characteristic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzanne E. Walker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyHumboldt State UniversityArcataUSA

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