Substance abuse refers to the maladaptive use of any chemical, legal or illicit, to produce alterations in brain functioning, mood, behavior, and/or level of perception. There are at least three different ways in which substance abuse may result in substantial child and adolescent psychiatric morbidity: (1) exposure during gestation to substances with known behavioral teratogenicity; (2) psychosocial deprivation and/or physical harm as a result of caretakers’ substance abuse disorders; and (3) substance abuse disorders and their consequences in children and adolescents themselves. This chapter will focus specifically on the child and adolescent psychopathology associated with substance abuse as well as the psychopharmacology of the substances involved.


Substance Abuse Nicotine Replacement Therapy Withdrawal Syndrome Smokeless Tobacco Acute Intoxication 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Eisner
    • 1
  • Jon McClellan
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral ScienceUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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