Vacuum Structures for the Charged Fields in Presence of E-M Potentials and Boundaries

  • I. H. Duru
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 358)


In 1951 Schwinger discovered that in constant electric field pairs of charged particles are spontaneously produced [1]. This phenomena has extensively been studied in time dependent gauge and in the path integral formalism [2]. It is possible that some other electric fields, which are time dependent also produces pairs [3]. Coulomb potential of a charge exceeding the value 137/2 is another example to the particle producing fields [4].


Pair Production Vacuum Expectation Total Angular Momentum Casimir Force Casimir Energy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. H. Duru
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsTrakya UniversityEdirneTurkey
  2. 2.Marmara Research CenterTubitakGebzeTurkey

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