Functional and Phylogenetic Features of the Forelimb in Miocene Hominoids

  • Michael D. Rose
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


The forelimb is the most versatile part of the locomotor system in primates. As such, its functional morphology varies widely among taxa with different locomotor specializations. It is therefore an attractive region for investigations of phylogeny, function, and their interrelationships. In addition, forelimb elements are relatively abundant in the catarrhine fossil record. This is especially true for the humerus, which will form the focus of what follows. In this discussion, only major references are cited: more complete bibliographies are included in Rose (1993a, 1994). Characters identified in the text by parenthesized letters, e.g., (a) or (a′), are listed in Table I, and their states in the taxa discussed are listed in Table II. Characters identified with a prime indicate the derived state. Many of the humeral characters are illustrated in Fig. 1.


Radial Head Humeral Shaft Medial Epicondyle Distal Humerus Ulnar Deviation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael D. Rose
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Cell Biology, and Injury ScienceUniversity of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA

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