Interrelationships between Functional Morphology and Paleoenvironments in Miocene Hominoids

  • Peter Andrews
  • David R. Begun
  • Myriam Zylstra
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


Previous chapters in this book have focused on the interaction between functional and phylogenetic analysis in interpreting fossil hominoid taxa or anatomical regions. The point has been made repeatedly that functional and phylogenetic analysis inform one another. Both functional analysis and phylogenetic analysis in turn are informed by paleoenvironmental data. Reconstructions of positional behavior and diet in fossil hominoids based on their functional anatomy are tested or at least reinforced by reconstructions of paleoenvironments. Paleoenvironmental reconstructions in turn are based in part on the behavioral implications (ecomorphology) of fossil taxa, including hominoids. Paleoenvironmental patterns during hominoid evolution also represent responses to environmental conditions, and as such can be treated as characters relevant to phylogenetic analysis (e.g., Andrews, 1982). In this chapter we summarize the paleoenvironmental data from most of the localities that have produced the fossils examined in this book. The functional anatomy and behavioral implications of the hominoid fossils are also summarized in the context of now-current paleoenvironmental reconstructions.


Late Miocene Middle Miocene Mammalian Fauna Fossil Fauna Miocene Hominoid 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Andrews
    • 1
  • David R. Begun
    • 2
  • Myriam Zylstra
    • 2
  1. 1.Natural History MuseumLondonEngland
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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