Limits of Specialization and Integrated Approaches

  • Herbert Pietschmann


The two opposites “specialization” and “integrated approaches” are taken as an example to explain the subtleties of a dialectic situation. In order to overcome the either-or relation in a possible synthesis, it is necessary that both sides make themselves aware of advantages as well as disadvantages of their own approach. A model is suggested to help in the dialectic process aiming at the synthesis.


Integrate Approach Holistic View Interdisciplinary Work Contradictory Statement Dialectic Process 
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  1. 1.
    See for example: Pietschmann H., Phänomenologie der Naturwissenschaft. Springer Berlin 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    One possible method is described in: Pietschmann H., Die Sicherheit der Naturgesetze, in: Eranos Jahrbuch 1986, (Ritsema R., Editor) Insel, Frankfurt 1988, p. 89Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dschuang-dsi. Das wahre Buch vom südlichen Blütenland. Diederich, Düsseldorf 1977Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Pietschmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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