Measuring Memory Impairment after Brain Damage: The Influence of Perceptual Problems

  • Janet Cockburn
  • Barbara A. Wilson
  • Alan D. Baddeley


Impairment of memory skills is a frequent and well recognised consequence of acquired brain damage. Both clinical and experimental studies indicate the extent, frequency and persistence of memory deficits after closed head injury. Brooks (1984) cited a series of investigations in Glasgow that compared the performance of severely head-injured patients with non-head-injured control subjects. These found that the head-injured patients scored significantly lower on tests of both verbal and non-verbal material, involving recall, recognition and relearning. Lezak (1979), investigating recovery of memory after traumatic brain injury, found wide variability in the extent of measurable recovery, with indications that few patients would improve their verbal learning ability in the first three years post trauma. She further suggested that, with increasing time post injury, other dysfunctions, that had not been immediately influential, might compromise the recovery of efficient memory skills.


Traumatic Brain Injury Memory Deficit Memory Skill Perceptual Problem Everyday Memory 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janet Cockburn
  • Barbara A. Wilson
  • Alan D. Baddeley

There are no affiliations available

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