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Density Functional Aspects of Relativistic Field Theories

  • E. Engel
  • H. Müller
  • C. Speicher
  • R. M. Dreizler
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 337)

Abstract

Given the tremendous success of density functional theory (DFT) for the description of nonrelativistic many particle systems the question for a relativistic extension arises quite naturally in view of the large number of problems in which relativistic effects play an important role. The most obvious area in which relativity can not be ignored is the physics and chemistry of heavy elements (Z ≥ 40 — see e.g. [1]). Moreover, for an accurate description of high-Z atoms (Z ≥ 80) and in particular for a discussion of collisions between such atoms (for a detailed account see [2]) or of exotic systems like superheavy elements (Z ≈ 114 — see e.g. [2,3]) even radiative (i.e. quantumelectrodynamic) effects can no longer be neglected.

Keywords

Gauge Transformation Ground State Energy Relativistic Correction External Potential Nonrelativistic Limit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Engel
    • 1
  • H. Müller
    • 1
  • C. Speicher
    • 1
  • R. M. Dreizler
    • 1
  1. 1.Inst. für Theor. PhysikUniversität FrankfurtFrankfurt/MainGermany

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