Comparison of the Peroxidase Activity of Hemeproteins and Cytochrome P-450

  • Lawrence J. Marnett
  • Paul Weller
  • John R. Battista


Peroxidases are enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of inorganic and organic substrates at the expense of a hydroperoxide—H2O2, alkyl hydroperoxides, or acyl hydroperoxides1. The actual function of the peroxidase may be to
reduce a hydroperoxide or oxidize a particular substrate and, therefore, they are quite versatile and widespread. Most peroxidases contain ferriprotoporphyrin IX as their prosthetic group and “peroxidase activity” is a common characteristic of many hemeproteins and simple heme complexes.2–4 Table I lists some of the better-characterized peroxidases, their properties, and functions. The discovery that cytochrome P-450 exhibits peroxidase activity and utilizes hydroperoxides to catalyze aliphatic hydroxylation and olefin epoxidation in the absence of NADPH and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase provided a new perspective on its mechanisms.5–7 Much of the present understanding of the catalytic cycle of P-450 evolved from experiments designed to compare its peroxidase activity to those of classical peroxidases such as horseradish peroxidase (HRP). This chapter attempts to compare and contrast the principal features of the interaction of peroxidases with hydroperoxides. It is not intended to be comprehensive because, in the words of the author of a previous review “it is unlikely that any reviewer would profess an adequate expertise in the disciplines, ranging from genetics to chemical physics, which a comprehensive discussion would require.”8 The reader can consult any of a number of excellent reviews2,8–C18 or leading references cited herein.


Peroxyl Radical High Oxidation State Styrene Oxide Cumene Hydroperoxide Alkoxyl Radical 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence J. Marnett
    • 1
  • Paul Weller
    • 1
  • John R. Battista
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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