Neuronal Control of Vocal Production in Non-Human and Human Primates

  • Uwe Jürgens


Vocal production is organized on different levels of complexity. The lowest level is represented by vocal reactions that are genetically determined in their acoustic structure and are elicited in a reflex-like manner by external or internal stimuli. An example is pain shrieking. A heavy blow against the body, for instance, will elicit shrieking from birth on. A monkey or human infant does not need to hear shrieking from other conspecifics in order to be able to produce it: even deaf infants shriek (Eibl-Eibesfeldt, 1973; Winter et al., 1973). There is also no need for prior experience with such a stimulus in the form of a pairing with another, unconditioned stimulus in the Pavlovian sense.


Anterior Cingulate Cortex Squirrel Monkey Primary Motor Cortex Acoustic Structure Vocal Production 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uwe Jürgens
    • 1
  1. 1.German Primate CenterGöttingenGermany

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