Is Justice Finite? The Case of Environmental Inclusion

  • Susan Opotow
Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)


Over the past 25 years, the environmental movement has argued for an increasingly wider consideration in our thinking about the natural world. It has argued, first, that a broader constituency is entitled to natural resources and, second, that a broader range of societal arrangements affect the natural world. Both inclusionary trends offer the opportunity to examine the social and psychological factors that widen a society’s “scope of justice,” the psychological boundary for extending considerations of fairness toward others. Tracing successively broader ecophilosophies over the past quarter century and describing typologies of values and research on the scope of justice, this chapter examines social psychological factors that can widen and constrict the scope of justice. Looking at this increasingly inclusionary environmental trend raises the question, “Does inclusion have limits?” The next section describes the scope of justice and its relevance to environmental attitudes and behavior.


Natural World Environmental Ethic Environmental Justice Moral Community Environmental Movement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Opotow
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate Program in Dispute ResolutionUniversity of Massachusetts-BostonBostonUSA

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