Interaction of Nest Predation and Food Limitation in Reproductive Strategies

  • Thomas E. Martin
Part of the Current Ornithology book series (CUOR, volume 9)


Heritable reproductive strategies that yield the greatest lifetime production of surviving offspring are favored by natural selection. I consider a reproductive strategy to be the complement of behaviors and traits associated with reproduction that influence lifetime reproductive success. Trade-offs among standard life history traits (e.g., clutch size, growth rate, juvenile and adult mortality) influence success of reproductive strategies (see reviews by Stearns, 1976; Martin, 1987). In addition, energy allocation between reproduction and other activities can influence expression of traits such as clutch size (Cody 1966). However, for organisms that care for their young, success of traits is also strongly affected by the amount of energy and time allocated to care of young by parents (Trivers, 1972, 1974; Low, 1978; Clutton-Brock, 1984). In other words, allocation of energy and time among different activities within reproduction can be as important as allocation between reproduction and other activities.


Clutch Size Reproductive Strategy Predation Rate Brood Size Food Abundance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas E. Martin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Arkansas Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitU.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceFayettevilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA

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