The Effects of Investigator Disturbance on Nesting Birds

  • Frank Götmark
Part of the Current Ornithology book series (CUOR, volume 9)


To learn about the behavior and ecology of nesting birds, we often study them when they occupy nesting territories. But by visiting territories or nests, the investigator may to a greater or lesser extent disturb the birds and affect the parameters being studied. Thus, we want to learn about the behavior or performance of birds under natural conditions, but may alter these conditions by our presence in the field. This has been called the “uncertainty principle” in field biology (Lenington, 1979).


Nest Predation Nest Success Nest Density Avian Predator Nest Bird 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Götmark
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of GöteborgGöteborgSweden

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