Behavioral Ecology of the Nevada Kit Fox (Vulpes Macrotis Nevadensis) on a Managed Desert Rangeland

  • G. Timothy O’Neal
  • Jerran T. Flinders
  • Warren P. Clary


The kit fox (Vulpes macrotis Merriam) inhabits desert and semiarid areas of western North America. Recent research and evaluations consider the kit fox distinct from the swift fox V. velox (Say) (Rohwer and Kilgore, 1973; Egoscue, 1979; McGrew, 1979; Honacki et al., 1982; Nowack and Paradiso, 1983). Earlier accounts (Hall and Kelson, 1959) recognized eight subspecies of V. macrotis. McGrew’s (1979) thorough review of research dealing with subspecific categories for the kit fox reduced the eight subspecies to five: V. m. macrotis Merriam, V. m. mutica Merriam, V. m. nevadensis Goldman, and V. m. zinseri Benson. The San Joaquin kit fox (V. m. mutica) is considered an endangered species by the U. S. Department of Interior and receives appropriate protection in California (Morrell, 1972; U. S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1976).


Home Range Home Range Size Juvenile Female Large Home Range Body Condition Index 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Timothy O’Neal
    • 1
  • Jerran T. Flinders
    • 1
  • Warren P. Clary
    • 2
  1. 1.Wildlife and Range Resources ProgramBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  2. 2.U. S. Forest Service Forestry Science LaboratoryBoiseUSA

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