A Review of Density Dependence in Populations of Large Mammals

  • Charles W. Fowler


The study of population regulation has been central to much of the work on the population biology of both animals and plants, as seen in much of the literature (for example, Lack, 1954; Slobodkin, 1961; MacArthur and Connell, 1967; McLaren, 1971; Ricklefs, 1973; Emmel, 1976; Tamarin, 1978). Recent developments in the theoretical aspects of population dynamics have led to a growing union of the concepts of life history analysis with those of population regulation, both in an evolutionary context (for example, Boyce, 1984). Much of the literature dealing with population regulation covers research on fishes and insects, with some work devoted to the study of birds (Nikolskii, 1969; Lack, 1966; Clark et al., 1967; Weatherly, 1972; Varley et al., 1973; Hassel, 1975; Gulland, 1977). Wynne-Edwards (1962) presents information on density dependence for a number of taxonomic categories. Reviews of the literature dealing with density dependence exist for fish (McFadden, 1977) and small mammals (Christian, 1963; Krebs and Myers, 1974). A preliminary review for large mammals was produced by Fowler et al. (1980).


Density Dependence Large Mammal Sika Deer Juvenile Survival Elephant Seal 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles W. Fowler
    • 1
  1. 1.National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Northwest and Alaska Fisheries CenterNational Marine Fisheries Services, NOAASeattleUSA

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