Growth from the Liquid Phase

  • A. W. Vere
Part of the Updates in Applied Physics and Electrical Technology book series (UAPE)


There have been many reviews of liquid-phase growth of semiconductor materials (Brice, 1965, 1973, 1986; Elwell and Scheel, 1975) and whilst it is instructive to begin with a brief review of the basic techniques, this chapter is intended to emphasise the similarities underlying the apparent wide diversity of techniques. It also focuses attention on recent developments in Czochralski (CZ) and Bridgman growth, since these techniques are increasingly important in commercial production of bulk devices and the large-area substrates for epitaxial growth.


Rayleigh Number Interface Shape Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate Liquid Encapsulate Czochralski 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. W. Vere
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Signals and Radar EstablishmentGreat MalvernEngland

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