Cryocoolers 8 pp 913-917 | Cite as

Cryocoolers and High-Temperature Superconductors: Advancing toward Commercial Appplications

  • M. Nisenoff

Abstract

High temperature superconducting (HTS) electronic device technology has matured over the past seven years and is approaching commercialization. The enabling technologies which will be essential for the commercialization of HTS devices are low-cost, highly-reliable cryogenic refrigeration systems and energy- efficient cryogenic packaging of the HTS device with the cryogenic refrigerators. To insure that HTS technology does become available for the marketplace, technologists from both the cryogenic and superconductivity communities must work together to integrate HTS devices with cryogenic refrigeration systems into a package that is reliable, low cost and is “transparent” to the user. This paper will review some of the issues associated with the packaging of HTS devices into products for both the civilian and military markets.

Keywords

Central Processing Unit Launch Vehicle Naval Research Laboratory Conduction Loss Commercial Market 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    M. Nisenoff, “LITERS, KILOGRAMS, WATTS AND SECONDS: Design Goals for a Refrigerator for Use with a Superconductive Systems”, Applications of Closed-Cycle Cryocoolers for Small Superconducting Devices, Ed. by J. E. Zimmerman and T. M Flynn, NBS Special Publication 508, Published by National Bureau of Standards (now National Institute of Standards and Technology), Boulder, CO, USA, (April 1978).Google Scholar
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    M. Nisenoff, S. A. Wolf, J. C. Ritter and G. Price, “Space Applications of High Temperature Superconductivity: The High Temperature Superconductivity Space Experiment(HTSSE)”, Physics C, 209 263–268 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    T. Kawecki, “High Temperature Superconductivity Space Experiment II (HTSSE II): Overview and Preliminary Cryocooler Integration Experience”, Proceedings of the 8th International Cryocooler Conference, (Plenum Press, New York), (1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Nisenoff
    • 1
  1. 1.Electronics Science and Technology DivisionNaval Research LaboratoryUSA

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