Cryocoolers 8 pp 803-813 | Cite as

Shock and Vibration Test of a Two Stage Gifford-McMahon Cryocooler for Use in a U.S. Navy Magnetic Minesweeping System

  • Eric Roth
  • Geoff Green
  • James Chafe


This report discusses the vibration and shock testing of a Gifford-McMahon cycle refrigerator. The system tested was a KelCool™ Model UCH 130 Cryogenic Helium Refrigerator with a modified second stage regenerator. The system was subjected to vibration tests in accordance with MIL-STD-167-1 and shock tests in accordance with MIL-S-901D. The system passed both the vibration and shock tests without any visible signs of damage. There was, however, some performance degradation at the second stage of the refrigerator which raised the minimum temperature by nearly 0.5K while the cooler was being vibrated transverse to its vertical axis. It is not apparent whether this is effect is strictly due to vibration or whether it is caused in part by the second stage displacer seal operating poorly in conjunction with the vibration.


Stage Regenerator Vibration Test Vacuum Vessel Shock Test Cooling Performance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Golda, M.E., J.D. Walters, and G.F. Green, “Applications of Superconductivity to Very Shallow Water Mine Sweeping,” Naval Engineers Journal, Vol. 104, No. 3, pp. 53–64 (May 1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chafe, J., G. Green, and R.C. Riedy, “Neodymium Regenerator Test Results in a Standard Gifford-McMahon Refrigerator,” in: 7th International Cryocooler Conference, Conference Proceeding, Part 4 of 4, 17–19 Nov 1992, Santa Fe, N. Mex., PL-CP—93-1001, pp. 1157–1164, Kirkland Air Force Base, N. Mex. (1993).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    MIL-STD-167-1, “Mechanical Vibrations of Shipboard Equipment” (1 May 1974).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    MIL-S-901D, “Shock Tests, H.I. (High Impact) Shipboard Machinery, Equipment, and Systems, Requirements for” (17 Mar 1989).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Green, G., G. Patton, V. Dilling, and J. Humphery, “Shock Test of a Helium Screw Compressor,” DTNSRDC Report TM-27-82-122 (Mar 1983).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Roth
    • 1
  • Geoff Green
    • 2
  • James Chafe
    • 2
  1. 1.Vector Research CompanyRockvilleUSA
  2. 2.Naval Surface Warfare CenterAnnapolisUSA

Personalised recommendations