Advertisement

Cryocoolers 8 pp 337-343 | Cite as

Two-Stage Pulse Tube Refrigerator for 20 K Operation

  • Yasumi Ohtani
  • Masahiko Takahashi
  • Toru Kuriyama
  • Hideki Nakagome
  • Gao Jin Iin
  • Hiroshi Tanida
  • Yoichi Matsubara
  • Masanao Narita
  • Hiroshi Murakami
  • Haruyuki Okuda

Abstract

This paper describes the experimental results of a two-stage pulse tube refrigerator. The purpose of this study is to obtain a lower refrigeration temperature compared with a single stage pulse tube refrigerator. A low vibration linear-motor drive compressor was designed for the two-stage pulse tube refrigerator. As a preliminary experiment, the refrigeration performance of the two-stage pulse tube refrigerator was investigated in combination with a compressor of a commercial GM refrigerator. The lowest temperature achieved was 19.1 K and the refrigeration capacity at 20 K was 100 mW. Lastly the experimental results of the pressure waves in the first and second pulse tubes are shown for the case when the openings of the orifice and double inlet valves are changed.

Keywords

Pulse Tube Refrigeration Temperature Refrigeration Capacity Pulse Tube Refrigerator Double Inlet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Gifford. W.E. et al., “Pulse-tube Refrigeration”, ASME paper No.63-WA-290 presented at Winter Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. (Nov. 1963). pp. 17-22.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gifford. W.E. et al.. “Pulse Tube Refrigeration Progress”, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Prcnum Press. NY, Vol. 10B( 1965). p.69.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mikulin. E.I. et al., “Low-temperature expansion pulse tubes”. Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Prenum Press. NY. Vol.29(1984). pp.629–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Radebaugh. R. et al.. “A Comparison of Three Types of Pulse Tube Refrigerators: New Methods for Researching 60 K”, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Prcnum Press. NY. Vol.31(1986). pp.779–789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhu. S. et al., “Double Inlet Pulse Tube Refrigerators: An Important improvement”. Cryogenics. Vol.30:(1990). pp.514–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhu, S. et al., “A Single Stage Double Inlet Pulse Tube Refrigerator Capable of Reaching 42 K”, Cryogenics, Vol.30 Sept. Supplement,(1990), pp.257–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ishizaki. Y. et al., “Experimental Performance of Modified Pulse Tube Refrigerator below 80 K down 23 K”, Proceedings of the 7th International Crvocoolcr Conference PL-CP-93-1001, Part 1, (1993), pp.140-146.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kuriyama, T. et al., “Development of Pulse Tube Refrigerator with Linear-motor Drive Compressor”, Proceedings of the 7th International Crvocoolcr Conference PL-CP-93-1001. Part 1. (1993), pp. 157-165.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ohtani, Y. et al., “High Efficient Pulse Tube Refrigerator with Linear-motor Drive Compressor”, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Prenum Press. NY, (1994) in print.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhou, Y. et al., “Two-Stage Pulse Tube Refrigerator”, Proceedings of the 5th International Crvocooler Conference,(1988), pp.137-144.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tward. E. et al., “Pulse Tube Refrigerator Performance”, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Prenum Press, NY, Vol.35(1990), pp. 1207–1212.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Matsubara. Y. et al., “An Experimental and Analytical Investigation of 4 K Pulse Tube Refrigerator”, Proceedings of the 7th International Crvocooler Conference PL-CP-93-1001, Part 1, (1993).. pp. 166-186.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gao. J.L. et al., Proceedings of the 51th Meeting on Cryogenics and Superconductivity Japan, (1994). p. 190.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bradshaw. T.W. et al., “Performance of the Oxford Miniature Stirling Cycle Refrigerator”, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Prenum Press. NY, Vol.31(1986), pp.801–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasumi Ohtani
    • 1
  • Masahiko Takahashi
    • 1
  • Toru Kuriyama
    • 1
  • Hideki Nakagome
    • 1
  • Gao Jin Iin
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Tanida
    • 2
  • Yoichi Matsubara
    • 2
  • Masanao Narita
    • 3
  • Hiroshi Murakami
    • 3
  • Haruyuki Okuda
    • 3
  1. 1.Energy and Mechanical Research LaboratoriesToshiba Research and Development CenterKawasaki, Kanagawa, 210Japan
  2. 2.Atomic Energy Research InstituteNihon UniversityFunabashi, Chiba, 274Japan
  3. 3.The Institute of Space and Astronomical ScienceSagamihara, Kanagawa, 229Japan

Personalised recommendations