Demands Imposed on Systems Science by Complexity

  • John N. Warfield


All human knowledge is constructed by human beings as collections of models. Models are of three types: formal, informal, and hybrid (a mixture of formal and informal). Formal models are of three types: numerant, structural, and hybrid (a mixture of numerant and structural). Structural models can be linear or nonlinear. A linear structural model is a drawing that is isomorphic to a directed graph, such that a directed line can be drawn passing through all vertexes and lines without touching any of them more than once.


System Science Complex Situation Learning Sequence Interactive Management Root Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • John N. Warfield
    • 1
  1. 1.George Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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