Families are usually divided during wartime: men leave for the front; women and children stay behind. There are letters, phone calls, worry and longing, the struggle to cope without the husband/father/bread-winner, and all the complex emotions attendant on separation and then return. In the Gulf War, where missiles struck at civilian targets, the home was quite literally the front. The family was tested not by distance and the absence of its male head but by prolonged enforced togetherness—by what Dr. Ze’ev Bergman (1991) of the Jerusalem Family Clinic has termed “forced intimacy.”
KeywordsFamily Violence Elderly Parent Israel Defense Force Elementary School Education Middle Generation
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