Coping After a Relationship Ends

  • Sharon S. Brehm
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)

Abstract

The most typical form of romantic/sexual relationships in our society today is that of serial monogamy. Though our culture still plays lipservice through the mass media to the idea of one great love, the actual experience of the vast majority of our citizens involves an extended series of greater, or lesser, loves. Dating, for example, now begins at an extremely early age and lasts longer as the average age at first marriage has risen over the last decade Divorce has become commonplace and so has remarriage. Never before in human history have so many people had so many romantic/sexual involvements.

Keywords

Social Support Causal Attribution Current Loss Marital Disruption Initiator Status 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albrecht, S. L. (1980). Reactions and adjustments to divorce: Differences in the experiences of males and females. Family Relations, 29, 59–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Atchley, R. C. (1975). Dimensions of widowhood in later life. Gerontologist, 15, 176–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berscheid, E. (1983). Emotion. In H. H. Kelley, E. Berscheid, A. Christensen, J. Harvey, T. Huston, G. Leringer, E. McClintock, L. Peplau, & D. Peterson. (Eds.), Close relationships (pp. 110–168). New York: W. H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  4. Bloom, B., Asher, S. J., & White, S. W. (1978). Marital disruption as a Stressor: A review and analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 85, 867–894.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brehm, S. S. (1982). Social support processes: Theoretical and methodological issues. Recherches de Psychologie Social, 4, 25–34.Google Scholar
  6. Brehm, S. S. (1984). Social support processes. In J. C. Masters & K. Yarkin-Levin (Eds.), Boundary areas in social and developmental psychology (pp. 107–129). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Brehm, S. S. (1985). Intimate relationships. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  8. Brehm, S. S., & Smith, T. W. (1986). Social psychological approaches to psychotherapy and behavior change. In S. Garfield & A. E. Bergin (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (pp. 69–115, 3rd Ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Burgess, R. L. (1981). Relationships in marriage and the family. In S. Duck & R. Gilmour (Eds.), Personal relationships 1: Studying personal relationships (pp. 179–196). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  10. Cherlin, A. (1983). The trends: Marriage, divorce, remarriage. In A. S. Skolnick & J. H. Skolnick (Eds.), Family in transition (pp. 128–137, 4th ed.). Boston, MA: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  11. Cherlin, A., & McCarthy, J. (1985). Remarried couple households: Data from the June 1980 current population survey. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 47, 23–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chiriboga, D. A., & Cutler, L. (1977). Stress responses among divorcing men and women. Journal of Divorce, 1 (Winter), 95–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chiriboga, D. A., & Thurner, M. (1980). Marital lifestyles and adjustment to separation. Journal of Divorce, 3(Summer), 379–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Daniels-Mohring, D., & Berger, M. (1984). Social network changes and the adjustment to divorce. Journal of Divorce, 8 (Fall), 17–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ehrenreich, B. (1983). The hearts of men. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday.Google Scholar
  17. Fincham, F. D., & Jaspars, J. M. F. (1980). Attribution of responsibility: From man the scientist to man as lawyer. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 81–138). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  18. Furstenberg, F. F., Jr., & Spanier, G. B. (1984). The risk of dissolution in remarriage: An examination of Cherlin’s hypothesis of incomplete institutionalization. Family Relations, 33, 433–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Glick, I. O., Weiss, R., & Parkes, C. M. (1974). The first year of bereavement. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  20. Goode, W. J. (1956). After divorce. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.Google Scholar
  21. Gordon, M. (1981). The company of women. New York: Ballantine Books.Google Scholar
  22. Green, R. G. (1983). The influence of divorce prediction variables on divorce adjustment: An expansion and test of Lewis’ and Spanier’s theory of marital quality and stability. Journal of Divorce, 7(Fall), 67–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Guidubaldi, J., & Cleminshaw, H. (1985). Divorce, family health, and child adjustment. Family Relations, 34, 35–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hagestad, G. O., & Smyer, M. A. (1982). Dissolving long-term relationships: Patterns of divorcing in middle age. In S. Duck (Ed.), Personal relationships 4: Dissolving relationships (pp. 155–188). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  25. Hill, C. T., Rubin Z., & Peplau, L. A. (1976). Breakups before marriage: The end of 103 affairs. Journal of Social Issues, 32, 147–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hunt, H. A., & Brehm, S. S. (1986). Social support processes: Causal attributions, stress, and conformity. Unpublished paper, University of Kansas.Google Scholar
  27. Jacobson, G. F. (1982). The multiple crises of marital separation and divorce. New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
  28. Kabatznick, R. (1985, September). Parting shots. Ms., p. 45.Google Scholar
  29. Kasl, S. V., & Wells, J. A. (1985). Social support and health in the middle years: Work and the family. In S. Gohen & S. L. Syme (Eds.), Social support and health (pp. 175–198). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  30. Kelley, H. H. (1983). Love and commitment. In H. H. Kelley, E. Berscheid, A. Christiansen, J. Harvey, T. Huston, G. Levinger, E. McClintock; L. Peplau, & D. Peterson (Eds.), Close relationships (pp. 265–314). New York: W. H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  31. Mandler, G. (1984). Mind and body. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  32. Major, B., Carrington, P. I., & Carnevale, J. D. (1984). Physical attractiveness and self-esteem: Attributions for praise from an other-sex evaluator. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 10, 43–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mitchell, D. (1983). The price tag of responsibility: A comparison of divorced and remarried mothers. Journal of Divorce, 6(Spring), 33–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Newman, H. M., & Langer, E. J. (1981). Post-divorce adaptation and the attribution of responsibility. Sex Roles, 7, 223–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pettit, E. J., & Bloom, B. L. (1984). Whose decision was it? The effects of initiator status on adjustment to marital disruption. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 46, 587–596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schwarz, N. Y., & Clore, G. L. (1983). Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive function of affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 513–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sigall, H., & Michela, J. (1976). I’ll bet you say this to all the girls: Physical attractiveness and reactions to praise. Journal of Personality, 44, 611–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Somers, A. R. (1981). Marital status, health, and the use of health services: An old relationship revisited. In P. J. Stein (Ed.), Single life: Unmarried adults in social context (pp. 178–190). New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  39. Spanier, G. B., & Castro, R. F. (1979). Adjustment to separation and divorce: A qualitiative analysis. In G. Levinger & O. C. Moles (Eds.), Divorce and separation (pp. 211–227). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  40. Spanier, G. B., & Hanson, S. (1981). The role of extended kin in the adjustment to marital separation. Journal of Divorce, 5(Fall/Winter), 33–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Spanier, G. B., & Thompson, L. (1983). Relief and distress after marital separation. Journal of Divorce, 7(Fall), 31–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Spanier, G. B., & Thompson, L. (1984). Parting: The aftermath of separation and divorce. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  43. Stephen, T. D. (1984). Symbolic interdependence and post-breakup distress: A reformulation of the attachment construct. Journal of Divorce, 8(Fall), 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stevenson, C. D., Brehm, S. S., & DeFelice, J. (1986). Coping after a relationship ends: An examination of Berscheid’s model of loss and response. Unpublished paper, University of Kansas.Google Scholar
  45. Thoits, P. A. (1982). Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical problems in studying social support as a buffer against life stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 23, 145–159.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Thompson, L., & Spanier, G. B. (1983). The end of marriage and acceptance of marital termination. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 45, 103–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wallston, B. S., Alagna, S. W., DeVellis, B. Mc., & DeVellis, R. F. (1983). Social support and physical health. Health Psychology, 4, 367–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Weingarten, H. R. (1985). Marital status and well-being: A national study comparing first-married, currently divorced, and remarried adults. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 47, 653–662.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Weiss, R. S. (1975). Marital separation. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  50. Wilcox, B. L. (1981). Social support in adjusting to marital disruption: A network analysis. In B. H. Gottlieb (Ed.), Social networks and social support (pp. 97–115). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharon S. Brehm
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of KansasLawrenceUSA

Personalised recommendations