Daily Life Events and Mood

  • John M. Neale
  • Jill M. Hooley
  • Lina Jandorf
  • Arthur A. Stone
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


In this chapter we will report the results of a series of studies in which life experiences and mood were recorded daily in prospective investigations. The studies to be described were not originally designed to address a specific set of questions pertaining to events and mood; rather, they were exploring the relationship between daily events and physical symptoms. Nonetheless, the prospective methods used in the data collection and the particular techniques for assessing daily mood gave us a unique opportunity to explore a variety of commonsense questions about mood as well as the psychological stress model of illness. As the reader will see in the forthcoming pages, some of the assumptions lay people and researchers have had about mood were not borne out by the data.


Severe Event Negative Mood Event Index Positive Mood Daily Experience 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abramson, L. Y., Seligman, M. E. P., & Teasdale, J. D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49–74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Averill, J. R. (1973). Personal control over aversive stimuli and its relationship to stress. Psychological Bulletin, 80, 286–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chiriboga, D. A., & Dean, H. (1978). Dimensions of stress: Perspectives from a longitudinal study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 22, 47–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clark, D. M., & Teasdale, J. D. (1982). Diurnal variation in clinical depression and accessibility of memories of positive and negative experiences. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 91, 87–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Farber, M. L. (1953). Time-perspective and feeling-tone: A study in the perception of the days. Journal of Psychology, 35, 253–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goplerud, E., & Depue, R. A. (1985). Behavioral response to naturally occurring stress in cyclothymia and dysthymia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 94, 128–139.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Grosscup, S., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (1980). Unpleasant and pleasant events and mood. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 252–259.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hammen, C., & Mayol, A. (1982). Depression and cognitive characteristics of stressful life-event types. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 91, 165–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hedges, S. M., Jandorf, L., Stone, A. A. (1985). Meaning of daily mood assessments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 428–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Holmes, T. H., & Rahe, R. H. (1967). The social readjustment rating scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 11, 213–218.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hurst, M. W. (1979). Life changes and psychiatric symptom development: Issues of content, scoring, and clustering. In J. E. Barrett, R. M. Rose, & G. L. Klerman (Eds.), Stress and mental disorders (pp. 17–36). New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
  12. Lennox, S. S., & Stone, A. A. (1985). Combinations of daily experiences associated with mood changes. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  13. Lewinsohn, P. M., & Amenson, C. S. (1978). Some relations between pleasant and unpleasant mood-related events and depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 644–654.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lewinsohn, P. M., & Libet, J. (1972). Pleasant events, activity schedules, and depressions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 79, 291–295.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mueller, D. P., Edwards, D. W., & Yarvis, R. M. (1978). Stressful life events and community mental health center patients. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 166, 16–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mullen, B. D. (1980, September). Undesirable, uncontrollable life changes and illness: A prospective study. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association meeting, Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  17. Myers, J. K., Lindenthal, J. J., & Pepper, M. P. (1974). Social class, life events, and psychiatric symptoms: A longitudinal study. In B. S. Dohrenwend & B. P. Dohrenwend (Eds.), Stressful life events: Their nature and effects (pp. 191–205). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  18. Nelson, R. E., & Craighead, W. E. (1977). Selective recall of positive and negative feedback, self-control behaviors, and depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 86, 379–388.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nelson, R. O. (1977). Methodological issues in assessment via self-monitoring. In J. D. Cone & R. P. Hawkins (Eds.), Behavioral assessment: New directions in clinical psychology (pp. 217–240). New York: Brunner-Mazel.Google Scholar
  20. Nowlis, V. (1965). Research with the “mood adjective checklist. In S. S. Tompkins & C. E. Izard (Eds.), Affect, cognition and personality (pp. 352–389). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  21. Paykel, E. S. (1974). Life stress and psychiatric disorder: Applications of the clinical approach. In B. S. Dohrenwend & B. P. Dohrenwend (Eds.), Stressful life events: Their nature and effects (pp. 135–149). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  22. Pecjak, V. (1970). Verbal synesthesiae of colors, emotions, and days of the week. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 9, 623–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rabkin, J. G., & Struening, E. L. (1976, December 3). Life events, stress, and illness. Science, 194, 1013–1020.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rahe, R. H. (1972). Subjects’ recent life changes and their near-future illness reports. Annals of Clinical Research, 4, 250–265.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Redfield, J., & Stone, A. A. (1979). Individual viewpoints of stressful life events. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 147–154.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rehm, L. P. (1978). Mood, pleasant events, and unpleasant events: Two pilot studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 854–859.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Roghmann, K.J., & Haggerty, R. J. (1973). Daily stress, illness, and use of health services in young families. Pediatric Research, 7, 520–526.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ross, C. E., & Mirowsky, J. (1979). A comparison of life-event weighting schemes: Change, undesirability, and effect-proportional indices. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 20, 166–177.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rossi, A. S., & Rossi, P. E. (1977). Body time and social time: Mood patterns by menstrual cycle phase and day of the week. Social Science Research, 6, 273–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sarason, I. G., Johnson, J. H., & Siegal, I. M. (1978). Assessing the impact of life changes: Development of the Life Experience Survey. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 932–946.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Stone, A. A. (1981). The association between perceptions of daily experiences and self-and spouse-rated mood. Journal of Research in Personality, 15, 520–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Stone, A. A. (in press). Event content in a daily survey differentially predicts mood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.Google Scholar
  33. Stone, A. A., & Neale, J. M. (1982). Development of a methodology for assessing daily experiences. In A. Baum & J. Singer (Eds.), Environment and Health, (Vol. IV, pp. 49–83). New York: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  34. Stone, A. A., & Neale, J. M. (1984a). Effects of severe daily events on mood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 137–144.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Stone, A. A., & Neale, J. M. (1984b). A new measure of daily coping: Development and preliminary results. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 892–906.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Stone, A. A., Hedges, S. M., Neale, J. M., & Satin, M. S. (1985). Prospective and cross-sectional mood reports offer no evidence of a “blue Monday” phenomenon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 129–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tversky, A., & Kahnemann, D. (1974). Judgements under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science, 185, 1124–1131.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ursin, H., Baade, E., & Levine, S. (1978). Psychobiology of stress. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  39. Zautra, A. J., & Reich, J. W. (1981). Positive events and quality of life. Evaluation and Program Planning, 4, 355–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Neale
    • 1
  • Jill M. Hooley
    • 2
  • Lina Jandorf
    • 3
  • Arthur A. Stone
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychology and Social RelationsHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA

Personalised recommendations