Effort Expenditure Following Failure
There is a large body of research documenting the alternatively deleterious or beneficial effects of an experience with failure on subsequent performance. Performance feedback on an achievement-oriented task is, in fact, one of the most common independent variables to be found in clinical and social psychological research. Work on the effects of failure on subsequent performance has been used to examine a number of theoretical models; failure induction studies have been conducted by researchers interested, among other things, in test anxiety, depression, attributional processes, achievement motivation, stress, and frustration (Coyne, Metalsky, & Lavelle, 1980).
KeywordsTest Anxiety Causal Attribution Attributional Style Subsequent Performance Inescapable Shock
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