A Framework for Understanding the Chronic Stress of Holocaust Survivors

  • Boaz Kahana
  • Eva Kahana
  • Zev Harel
  • Kathy Kelly
  • Pam Monaghan
  • Lani Holland
Part of the The Springer Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


Survivors of the Holocaust endured traumatic life situations that defy comprehension. The negative sequelae of this man-made disaster have been extensively documented (for reviews, see Kahana, Harel, & Kahana, 1988; Lomrantz, 1990). In particular, many survivors have been found to suffer long-lasting psychological distress. These after-effects of trauma have been generally viewed by social science researchers and clinicians as adverse reactions to a singular cataclysmic stressor that occurred in the distant past. However, the full spectrum of chronic stressors that long-term survivors of trauma had to cope with, and may continue to endure, has seldom been explored.


Life Stressor Chronic Stressor Traumatic Stress Coping Effort Trauma Survivor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boaz Kahana
    • 1
  • Eva Kahana
    • 2
  • Zev Harel
    • 3
  • Kathy Kelly
    • 2
  • Pam Monaghan
    • 2
  • Lani Holland
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  3. 3.School of Social WorkCleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA

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